Hot off the press: How LLMs help us in data analytics and beyond

by Jochen Werne

published on May 8, 2024 the below article in the original German version. Find the link HERE. Pictures used here are from private sources and Pixabay. Translation made by DeepL.com.

Throughout human history, transformative technological innovations have repeatedly led to impressive leaps in development that have reshaped our societies, economies, politics and daily lives in previously unimaginable ways.

The printing press developed by Johannes Gutenberg in the 15th century is a particular example of the far-reaching power of technological innovation. It was not only a tool for the mass production of books, but also ushered in the age of universal literacy. It has changed the world of work by making typists redundant and creating new professions in publishing and literature. Artificial intelligence (AI) is said to have a similarly revolutionary potential, and not just since large language models (LLM) such as OpenAI’s ChatGPT were established for the public to see. The extensive and immediately usable possibilities – such as the simplification of text generation or summarisation, coding – are inspiring. AI is about to fundamentally change the way we work today. But how do we deal with it?

The revolution through large language models: decoding their magic

At the forefront of this AI transformation are LLMs such as GPT-4. To truly understand their complex structure, one must dive deep into the underlying technologies, unravel the multitude of practical applications they enable and critically evaluate the challenges they pose. The range of applications of LLMs has already left an indelible mark on a wide variety of sectors. For example, LLMs are already creating new clarity in the confusing world of research through optimised summaries and presentations of key findings. LLMs are also leading to a paradigm shift in our understanding of work dynamics. The research report “Navigating the Jagged Technological Frontier: Field Experimental Evidence of the Effects of AI on Knowledge Worker Productivity and Quality” describes this change and shows that the use of AI in a real-world work environment can lead to a significant increase in productivity: In this case, to 12.2 per cent more completed tasks and a 25.1 per cent reduction in processing time. These are impressive figures that illustrate the transformative power of AI even at today’s stage of development.

Utilisation of LLMs: Best practice approach

As a data insights company, Experian recognised the transformative essence of information early on. With the help of machine learning (ML), we gain important insights from data that companies can use to make informed decisions. In a recent video interview, Alex Lintner, CEO of Experian Software Solutions, explains the evolving role of AI in the financial sector and highlights the unprecedented opportunities that exist, particularly with carefully constructed large-scale language models.

Alex Lintner, CEO of Experian Software Solutions

Lintner explains the scalability of such technologies and the potential of using machine learning in monitoring market trends and anticipating credit risk. Technological advances are enabling machines to independently ask questions of decision makers, automate routine model monitoring processes and even predict which variables should be included in models in the future, allowing humans to focus their resources elsewhere.

In addition, Lintner highlights the enormous potential of AI for financial services, in particular agile risk detection and the associated ad hoc response management. As always, with great opportunity comes great responsibility: strict compliance, governance and transparency measures are urgently needed to ensure the ethical and sustainable use of AI. It is important to understand that the use of LLM’s is not just about improving back-end processes, but more importantly about equipping the workforce for the future. It is therefore mandatory for all Experian employees worldwide to complete the internal GenAI training programme. We see this – as well as all the other activities of our own Experian GenAI Academy – as important measures to keep our corporate culture in line with the wave of digital transformation rolling across industries.

Harmonisation of AI, business and society

Large-scale language models are now at the forefront of the AI revolution and have the ability to understand, generate and augment text, sound, images and video on a previously unimaginable scale. This has particular implications for all companies operating in data-centric industries, whose job it is to extract actionable insights from big data. Companies that utilise these opportunities for new data usage most effectively will gain market share in the future. For us, the integration of machine learning and large-scale language models in particular is not just a technological upgrade, but a comprehensive transformative strategy to reshape the future of our industry.

Innovation has always changed societies and had a lasting impact on the course of human progress. AI today represents the latest frontier where the complex interaction between humans and technology can be explored and refined. We therefore need to understand that our future most likely lies in the balance of harmonising AI and humans – a harmonisation that goes beyond mere coexistence: it involves collaboration and synergies that can merge human intuition and computing power into a powerful force that can drive profound change in all aspects of our lives.

To achieve this harmonisation, several key principles must be followed. Ethics come first. The development and use of AI must be based on a solid ethical foundation that ensures fairness, transparency and accountability. Prejudice and discrimination must be carefully avoided and it must be ensured that AI benefits all of humanity and excludes no one.

Second is education and skills. With the increasing integration of AI into our daily lives, it is important that individuals have access to the knowledge and skills they need to use this new technology. Education is key to realising the potential of AI while mitigating the associated risks. After all, collaboration is the key to success. Governments, businesses, researchers and citizens must work together across borders and sectors to realise its full potential. Interdisciplinary collaboration can pave the way for breakthroughs that benefit society as a whole.

With a strong focus on ethics, education and collaboration, we are able to create a future where AI and humans work in harmony and reach a new level of progress. This is a technological challenge, but also a societal one.

Mind over Machine

Mastering the Power of AI and Large Language Models for Business Success and Positive Social Impact

By Jochen Werne

Düsseldorf, 6 April 2023.

Throughout human history, transformative technological innovations have heralded new eras, reshaping our societies, economies, politics, and daily lives in ways previously unimaginable. The printing press, introduced by Johannes Gutenberg in the 15th century, serves as a profound testament to the sweeping power of innovation. Not just a tool for mass-producing books, the printing press birthed the dawn of widespread literacy, transforming workplaces as manual scribes became obsolete and creating new vocations in publishing and literature.

The press also catalyzed a socio-political upheaval. As literacy rates surged, so did the empowerment of the masses. Ideas, once confined to the elite, became accessible to many, seeding the Renaissance, and later, the Reformation. Niall Ferguson, in his seminal work, “The Square and the Tower,” eloquently captures this revolution, asserting that the printing press restructured historical hierarchies and networks, shifting power dynamics in unprecedented ways.[1]

In economic terms, the press laid the foundation for capitalist markets. As information became accessible, trade routes expanded, local businesses thrived, and a burgeoning middle class began to wield economic influence. On the societal front, with the proliferation of ideas came the Enlightenment, propelling societies towards principles of liberty, fraternity, and equality.

Fast forward to the close of the 20th century, and another innovation emerged as a harbinger of transformation: the internet. Much like the printing press, the internet redefined workplaces, rendering some jobs obsolete while spawning new professions in digital technology, e-commerce, and online content creation. The globalized economy we witness today, underpinned by intricate supply chains and instantaneous communication, owes its existence to the digital revolution.

Politically, the internet has both empowered and challenged established structures. Grassroots movements, from the Arab Spring to global climate change campaigns, have harnessed online platforms to mobilize support and challenge the status quo. However, it’s also provided a breeding ground for misinformation, deepening societal divides in certain instances.

Yet, as we stand on the cusp of the AI revolution, it’s crucial to reflect on lessons from our past. Both the printing press and the internet came with their boon and bane. Their essence wasn’t inherently good or bad; it was humanity’s application of these tools that rendered them so. As we navigate the realms of AI and Large Language Models (LLM), this adage holds truer than ever: Technology and technological inventions are neither good nor bad – it’s the way we use them that bestows upon them such attributes.

Chronicles of Code – Decoding the Magic Behind Large Language Models

The realm of artificial intelligence is undergoing rapid metamorphosis, and Large Language Models, such as GPT-3 and GPT-4, stand out as the front-runners in this transformation.[2] To truly appreciate the intricate tapestry of LLMs, one must delve deep into their foundational technologies, unravel the plethora of practical applications they enable, and critically evaluate the challenges they pose.

At the nucleus of LLMs is their technological backbone. These models owe their prowess to deep learning and, more specifically, the transformer architecture.[3] This intricate design enables them to sift through colossal amounts of data, synthesizing human-like text that often mirrors our nuanced thought processes. The primary education of these models stems from vast datasets spanning the breadth of the internet, but their true finesse is achieved when they’re fine-tuned using more focused datasets, enabling them to excel in specialized domains.[4]

When it comes to their application spectrum, LLMs have left indelible marks across sectors. In the labyrinthine world of research, where professionals are inundated with vast pools of data and intricate academic papers, LLMs emerge as lighthouses, offering clarity by summarizing and presenting key insights.[5] Language translation, a domain that’s been historically challenging due to the nuances and subtleties of human language, has seen remarkable enhancements with LLMs. They’ve added a layer of contextual depth that was previously lacking in traditional translation tools.[6] The educational sphere is undergoing a renaissance, thanks to LLMs. Their capabilities in offering personalized content, adapting to individual learning curves, and providing immediate feedback promise a future where learning is both tailored and transformative.[7]

Yet, every silver lining has a cloud. The inherent challenges of LLMs are subjects of extensive discourse. Their reliance on training data can be their Achilles’ heel — biases in training data can lead to prejudiced outputs, a significant concern given the widespread influence of AI.[8] Additionally, their textual outputs, while sophisticated, can sometimes lack true human understanding, leading to contextually skewed results.[9] The broader societal implications of LLM adoption, especially the potential displacement of jobs and questions of ethical accountability, are pressing concerns that demand attention.[10]

The tapestry of LLMs in real-world scenarios paints a vivid picture of their transformative potential. Customer service has seen an overhaul, with AI tools streamlining interactions and enhancing user experiences.[11] The corridors of journalism echo with the influence of LLMs, aiding in content creation, editing, and even pioneering new forms of storytelling.[12] The legal world, often bogged down by voluminous documents, benefits immensely from AI’s precision in document reviews, bringing efficiency and reducing human errors.[13]

As we segue into “Redefining Workflows: The Profound Influence of LLMs on the Modern Workforce,” we’ll delve deeper into the myriad ways LLMs are reshaping our professional landscapes.

A New Work Paradigm: LLMs’ Crucial Contribution to Contemporary Business Achievements

The release of Large Language Models has initiated a paradigm shift in our understanding of the workforce dynamics. The ground-breaking research presented in the paper titled “Navigating the Jagged Technological Frontier: Field Experimental Evidence of the Effects of AI on Knowledge Worker Productivity and Quality,” authored by the illustrious team of researchers including Fabrizio Dell’Acqua, Edward McFowland III, Ethan Mollick, Hila Lifshitz-Assaf, Katherine C. Kellogg, Saran Rajendran, Lisa Krayer, François Candelon, and Karim R. Lakhani, brings forth significant insights into this transformation.

Praise is due to this team of researchers for conducting a well-structured, extensive experiment involving 758 consultants from the global management consulting firm, Boston Consulting Group (BCG). Their analysis offers invaluable insights into the applications and limitations of AI in knowledge-intensive tasks. The concept of a “jagged technological frontier” introduced in their paper signifies the nuanced capabilities of AI. It underscores the notion that while AI excels in certain tasks, others that might seem similar in complexity can be beyond its scope.

Their findings show that when consultants utilized AI in the realm of its capabilities, there was a noticeable uptick in productivity, with tasks being completed 12.2% more and 25.1% faster. The quality of results also soared, witnessing an impressive increase of over 40%. These figures paint a vivid picture of the transformative power of AI when applied within its domain of expertise. Yet, it’s essential to note that outside this domain, relying on AI may lead to counterproductive results.

The paper also identifies two distinct ways in which consultants engaged with AI. Some consultants acted as “Centaurs,” seamlessly dividing and delegating tasks between themselves and the AI, while others emerged as “Cyborgs,” integrating their workflows with the AI in an ongoing symbiotic interaction. Such observations are pivotal as organizations strive to harness the optimal potential of AI, while also understanding its limitations.

LLMs like ChatGPT, as highlighted in the research, have redefined the frontiers of automation, demonstrating capabilities in areas previously reserved for the most educated, creative, and highly paid workers. The research suggests that these models are more than mere tools; they are evolving entities with vast yet unpredictable capabilities. Their potential to transform workflows and elevate the quality of work output in the consulting realm, and possibly across other industries, is profound.

Yet, for all their potential, the research astutely underscores the risks associated with the blind adoption of LLMs. Misplacing trust in these systems for tasks outside their capabilities can lead to inaccurate results and compromise the integrity of the work. The inherent opacity of these models further complicates this dynamic. Without a clear understanding of their strengths and weaknesses, professionals may be navigating a minefield without a map.

The “jagged technological frontier” metaphor therefore poignantly encapsulates the ever-evolving landscape of AI capabilities. This invaluable research serves as a compass, guiding professionals and organizations on how to integrate LLMs efficiently into their workflows, optimize productivity, and elevate the quality of outputs. The ripple effects of LLMs on the workforce are profound, and as we traverse this technological frontier, it is paramount to tread with both enthusiasm and caution. The dedication and rigor of the research team in shedding light on this complex subject deserve commendation. Their work has undoubtedly laid a solid foundation for further exploration in the transformative world of AI and its implications on the workforce.[14]

The importance of discerning the “jagged technological frontier” concept is crucial. While some tasks may appear similarly intricate on the surface, not all can be executed efficiently by AI. Drawing from own research and the extensive studies by the German AI platform “Plattform Lernende Systeme“, it’s pivotal to distinguish which tasks are best tackled with human-AI collaboration.[15]

Harnessing the Power of LLMs: Best Practice approach from a global data insights market leader

Experian[16], as a global data leader, recognizes the transformative essence of information. Through AI and Machine Learning, Experian gleans significant insights from data, empowering businesses to make enlightened decisions. Additionally, the principle of ‘data for good’ resonates profoundly with the philosophy. By responsibly channeling data, the company not only catalyze economic progress but also mitigate societal challenges.

Experian has not only acknowledged the transformative potential of Machine Learning and Large Language Models but also fervently acted upon it.

Alex Lintner,[17] CEO of Experian Software Solutions, recently provided insights into the evolving role of artificial intelligence (AI) in the financial sector during a video conversation.[18] Lintner emphasized how AI, especially carefully constructed large language models, offer an unprecedented opportunity for the industry. He elucidated the scalability of such technologies, noting the potential to leverage machine learning for monitoring market trends and preempting credit risks as market circumstances change. This technological evolution allows machines to autonomously create prompts for decision makers, automate routine model monitoring processes, and even forecast variables that should be included in models in the future, thus enabling humans to channel their resources towards creating innovative solutions and supporting strategic initiatives.

Moreover, Lintner shed light on the vast potential of AI in financial services. He highlighted the importance of agile risk detection and swift response mechanisms, indicating that this is just scratching the surface. Experian alone has pinpointed over 200 potential use cases. However, the immense capabilities of AI also beckon significant accountability. Lintner underscores the paramount need for rigorous compliance, governance, and transparency measures to guarantee AI’s ethical and judicious application.

On the ethical front, Lintner asserted, “Protecting data and ensuring responsible use of generative AI is not just a priority; it’s an imperative.” Given Experian’s pivotal role in handling sensitive financial information, establishing and maintaining trust is of utmost importance. Therefore, integrating stringent ethical standards, principles, and methodologies is crucial to the successful and responsible rollout of AI technologies.

As for steering the future, Lintner offers a clear roadmap: focus on acquiring talent in the AI domain, consistently gather customer feedback, and astutely prioritize opportunities. He believes that truly innovative solutions emerge from a profound understanding of customer necessities—a philosophy that resonates deeply in his perspectives.

In data companies globally every decision, every product, every innovation stems from the intricate understanding of the numbers. As the vast amounts of data they manage continue to grow, there’s an increasing need for more sophisticated ways to handle, analyze, and extract insights from it. Enter Machine Learning (ML) and, more specifically, Large Language Models (LLMs).

Ahead of the Curve: Cultivating a Workforce Fit for the Future

It’s important to understand that the use of LLMs isn’t just about improving backend processes; it’s especially about equipping the workforce for the future. When I took the helm on August 1st, 2023 as the new CEO of Experian DACH, one of the first directives on day one – inspired by the example of other Country Managers within the group – was to motivate all employees in Germany, Austria and Switzerland to undergo the corporate GenAI training. This wasn’t just a nod towards technological advancement; it was a strategic move to ensure that the very culture of the company was aligned with the digital transformation wave sweeping across industries.

By doing so, Experian isn’t merely training its employees on a new tool; it was nurturing a mindset of innovation and adaptability. With hands-on experience from the GenAI training, employees were encouraged to conceptualize practical roll-out use cases. For example, marketing professionals can incorporate insights from LLMs into their engagements, delivering more personalized and impactful messages to clients. In the meantime, the sales teams were able to use LLM-generated insights to identify potential markets or niches that had not yet been tapped – today, the vast majority of Experian employees worldwide are not only trained, but use GenAI in their daily work and develop new use cases on the fly.

Training and Learning is not just about immediate benefits. It is a forward-thinking strategy to ensure that new technologies, as LLMs continue to evolve and their applications grow, the company’s workforce would not be left behind. It is about fostering a culture of continuous learning, adaptability, and leveraging cutting-edge technology to stay ahead in highly competitive industries.

Redefining an Industry’s Future

Large Language Models (LLMs) like GPT-4 are at the forefront of the AI revolution, harnessing the capability to understand, generate, and augment human-like text at a scale previously unimaginable. This progression in AI has significant implications for businesses, especially for data-centric industries that are looking to derive actionable insights from vast data volumes.

One of the key challenges for data-centric companies is extracting meaningful insights from massive data sets. Traditional methods are often cumbersome, and while they can yield valuable results, the increasing volume, velocity, and variety of data have made these methods less efficient. Machine Learning offers a solution to this challenge. By leveraging algorithms that can learn from and make decisions based on data, ML has revolutionized the way companies interpret complex data structures.

Therefore, as data continues to be the backbone of our digital age, companies that can harness its power most effectively will lead the charge. For data insights giants like Experian, integrating Machine Learning, and especially Large Language Models, isn’t just a technological upgrade; it’s a transformative strategy to redefine their industry’s future.

Conclusion: The Harmonization of AI and Humanity

Throughout history, innovations have undeniably transformed societies, leaving a lasting impact on the course of human progress.[19] Whether we consider the revolutionary impact of the printing press or the transformative power of the internet, each technological leap has reshaped our world and the way we live. In the face of these profound changes, humanity has consistently demonstrated its ability to adapt, evolve, and harness these tools for our collective betterment.[20] In this context, artificial intelligence and with-it large language models emerges as the latest frontier where the intricate interplay between humans and technology is being examined and refined.

Rather than surrendering to the allure of extreme narratives, such as an AI-dominated dystopia or a utopian world of boundless prosperity, it is imperative to acknowledge that the future most likely rests within the delicate equilibrium of harmonizing AI and humanity.[21] This harmonization goes beyond mere coexistence; it encompasses collaboration and synergy, merging human intuition and the computational prowess of AI to create a potent force capable of driving profound transformations in all aspects of our lives.

As we venture further into this uncharted territory, the wisdom of great thinkers continues to guide us. Albert Einstein once remarked, “Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited, whereas imagination embraces the entire world, stimulating progress, giving birth to evolution”.[22] In the context of AI and humanity, this sentiment resonates profoundly. Our imagination and creativity serve as the catalysts for progress, and AI serves as the tool that can amplify and expedite our ability to transform imaginative ideas into reality.

The future may indeed be obscured by uncertainty, but it is unquestionably a future that we, as a collective humanity, possess the power to shape.[23] It is a canvas waiting for us to paint our hopes and aspirations upon, guided by principles of meticulous consideration and ethical responsibility.[24] The horizon of AI’s potential is expansive, and the possibilities it presents are as vast as the human imagination itself.

To achieve this harmonization, several key principles must be prioritized. First and foremost is ethics.[25] The development and deployment of AI must be grounded in a robust ethical framework that ensures fairness, transparency, and accountability. We must diligently guard against biases and discrimination, guaranteeing that AI benefits the entirety of humanity, leaving no one marginalized.[26]

Second, education and empowerment are paramount.[27] As AI becomes increasingly integrated into our daily lives, it is essential that individuals have access to the knowledge and skills necessary to navigate this new landscape. Education empowers us to harness AI’s potential while mitigating its associated risks.

Lastly, collaboration forms the linchpin of success.[28] Governments, businesses, researchers, and individuals must collaborate, transcending borders and sectors to harness the full potential of AI. Interdisciplinary collaboration can pave the way for breakthroughs that benefit society as a whole.

The harmonization of AI and humanity offers a promising path forward.[29] It is a journey that requires us to draw upon the wisdom of the past, the imagination of the present, and the ethical considerations of the future.[30] As we navigate this uncharted waters, we must remember that the power to shape our destiny resides within our collective hands.[31]

With knowledge, responsibility, and a harmonious integration of AI with human expertise, the future horizon is indeed one filled with promise and potential. It is a future where the partnership between humans and AI can lead to a brighter and more equitable world for all.

[1] Ferguson, N. (2018). The Square and the Tower: Networks and Power, from the Freemasons to Facebook. Penguin Press.

[2] Brown, T. B., et al. (2020). “Language Models are Few-Shot Learners.” OpenAI

[3] Vaswani, A., et al. (2017). “Attention is All You Need.” NeurIPS

[4] Devlin, J., et al. (2018). “BERT: Pre-training of Deep Bidirectional Transformers for Language Understanding.” Google AI

[5] Chui, M., et al. (2018). “Notes from the AI frontier: Tackling Europe’s gap in digital and AI.” McKinsey Global Institute

[6] Hale, S. A. (2016). “Commercial Applications of Machine Translation.” The Oxford Handbook of Translation Studies

[7] Luckin, R. (2017). “Towards artificial intelligence-based assessment systems.” Nature Human Behaviour

[8] Bender, E. M., & Gebru, T. (2021). “On the Dangers of Stochastic Parrots: Can Language Models Be Too Big?” Proceedings of FAccT.

[9] Lipton, Z. C., & Steinhardt, J. (2018). “Troubling Trends in Machine Learning Scholarship.” arXiv preprint

[10] Russell, S. (2019). “Human Compatible: Artificial Intelligence and the Problem of Control.” Viking

[11] Huang, M. H., & Rust, R. T. (2018). “Artificial Intelligence in Service.” Journal of Service Research

[12] Graefe, A. (2016). “Guide to automated journalism.” Tow Center for Digital Journalism, Columbia University

[13] Surden, H. (2014). “Machine Learning and Law.” Washington Law Review

[14] Dell’Acqua, F. et al. (2023). Navigating the Jagged Technological Frontier: Field Experimental Evidence of the Effects of AI on Knowledge Worker Productivity and Quality. Harvard Business Review.

[15] acatech. Plattform Lernende Systeme (2023) https://www.plattform-lernende-systeme.de/home-en.html

[16] Experian Corporate website: https://www.experianplc.com

[17] About Alex Lintner: https://www.experianplc.com/about-us/board-and-senior-management/senior-management/alex-lintner/

[18] Lintner, A. (2023) Transforming Financial Services with AI and Automation – A video interview. YouTube https://youtu.be/_QnZf3FlNq0?si=Y4WditFgkX-aGaGt

[19] McKinsey Global Institute. (2021). “AI in the post-pandemic world: Five key trends.” https://www.mckinsey.com/capabilities/quantumblack/our-insights/global-survey-the-state-of-ai-in-2021

[20] Pew Research Center. (2019). “Americans and Privacy: Concerned, Confused and Feeling Lack of Control Over Their Personal Information.” https://www.pewresearch.org/internet/2019/11/15/americans-and-privacy-concerned-confused-and-feeling-lack-of-control-over-their-personal-information/

[21] World Economic Forum. (2020). “The Future of Jobs Report 2020.” https://www.weforum.org/reports/the-future-of-jobs-report-2020

[22] Einstein, A. (1931). “The Cosmic Religion: With Other Opinions and Aphorisms.”

[23] The Guardian. (2022). “The Uncertain Future of Artificial Intelligence.”

[24] World Economic Forum. (2018). “Ethics by Design: An Organizational Approach to Responsible Use of Technology.” https://www.weforum.org/whitepapers/ethics-by-design-an-organizational-approach-to-responsible-use-of-technology/

[25] The Royal Society and the British Academy. (2020). “Data Management and Use: Governance in the 21st Century.” https://royalsociety.org/topics-policy/projects/data-governance/

[26] AI Now Institute. (2019). “Discriminates in AI Hiring Tools and the Role of Human Oversight.” https://ainowinstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/04/AI_Now_2019_Report.pdf

[27] UNESCO. (2020). “I’d Blush if I Could: Closing Gender Divides in Digital Skills Through Education.” https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000367416.page=1

[28] Stanford HAI. (2021). “AI Index 2021 Annual Report.” https://aiindex.stanford.edu/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/2021-AI-Index-Report_Master.pdf

[29] McKinsey & Company. (2018). “Notes from the AI Frontier: Insights from Hundreds of Use Cases.” https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/mckinsey/featured%20insights/artificial%20intelligence/notes%20from%20the%20ai%20frontier%20applications%20and%20value%20of%20deep%20learning/notes-from-the-ai-frontier-insights-from-hundreds-of-use-cases-discussion-paper.ashx

[30] The Hastings Center. (2019). “Is Ethical AI an Oxymoron?” https://www.thehastingscenter.org/news/hastings-president-addresses-the-question-is-ethical-ai-an-oxymoron/

[31] United Nations. (2019). “The Age of Digital Interdependence.” https://digitallibrary.un.org/record/3865925?ln=en

FinanzBusiness: THE SIX TOP CHALLENGES FOR BANKS THIS YEAR

It was a great pleasure speaking with Torben Schröder of FinanzBusiness about “THE SIX TOP CHALLENGES FOR BANKS THIS YEAR”.

He writes in his article: In an increasingly regulated market environment, providers who use their data intelligently will be the most successful, says Jochen Werne from Experian in an interview with FinanzBusiness.

Data is the new oil, they say: “The quality of data will become the kingmaker in the credit risk market of the future and open the way to new market opportunities,” says Jochen Werne, CEO of data service provider Experian DACH. In an increasingly regulated market environment, providers who use their data intelligently and master the balance between data protection and customer experience will be the most successful.

Werne names six “top challenges” for this year. These arise from regulations from the European Banking Authority (EBA) – and from technological developments. On the one hand, risk management is to be significantly improved and sustainability criteria verified at the behest of the European Central Bank and the EBA supervisory authority. On the other hand, artificial intelligence (AI) is opening up completely new opportunities in an increasingly complex market environment.

Read the full article in original at FinanzBusiness

MŒA One-to-One Interviews: Our Oceans are the fluid connection between our nations

Update of the Interview held by MONACŒCOART® founder Maurizio Abbati Interview with Jochen Werne, Co-Founder & Expedition Leader at Global Offshore Sailing Team & CEO at Experian D/A/CH.

Find the original interview and much more here at MONACŒCOART®

Updated: Feb 11, 2024

Jochen Werne: Innovation and Business, Society and Diplomacy, Ocean and Passion strongly aim at a positive change for the future.

Photo >> Jochen Werne (2022) © J. Werne

International expert in finance and blockchain, head of several private and corporate Banking divisions, keynote speaker, actively committed in diplomacy and economy transformation following the current shift to Sustainable Development as wished by United Nations and major political, technical and business bodies, he is extremely fond of communicating his passion for oceans and the virtuous interlink between human beings and nature.

Jochen Werne strongly believes in the vital role of individual diplomatic efforts in maintaining peace and a balanced approach to preserving natural ecosystems. He asserts, „Innovation and business, society and diplomacy, ocean and passion are all intricately linked. In today’s interconnected world, our diverse talents can collectively drive positive change every day.“ His insights reflect a profound understanding of the interconnectedness of various elements in fostering international relations.

Werne’s adventurous spirit and deep respect for the scientific community’s contributions to nature have led him to organise numerous ocean missions. These missions have gained significant recognition from esteemed figures such as H.S.H. Prince Albert II of Monaco, the President of France, and the President of Austria, enhancing his knowledge and experience.

Furthermore, Werne co-founded the Global Offshore Sailing Team, an international group comprising members worldwide with significant naval experience. This group is dedicated to preserving naval traditions and emphasizing the importance of ocean expeditions and people’s diplomacy for supporting international understanding

MONACŒCOART® had the pleasure to collect a meaningful feedback directly from Jochen Werne (J.W.), Co-Founder & Expedition Leader at Global Offshore Sailing Team (GOST).

—————

MONACŒCOART®: Jochen Werne, how did your passion for the oceans and sailing come about?

J.W.: As a child growing up in the countryside on the border with Switzerland, the world outside my parents’ home always had a great attraction for me. Notably, the Sea with its magical sense of endless freedom, adventure and beauty has always been a trigger in my life. And this fascination still inspires me even though I have sailed the seven seas. Maybe it will never disappear. I had my first contact with sailing during school holidays on Lake Constance. Then, I joined the navy, where I had the privilege to serve for almost two years as a navigator on the three-masted sailing ship ‘Gorch Fock. That finally ignited my passion for the oceans and sailing.

Photo >> The Expedition Blue Ocean 2022 crossing the Tower Bridge in London © GOST

MONACŒCOART®: What values have you learned after so many years of shipping?

J.W.: The most important one is RESPECT. Probably every ocean sailor and mariner would confirm it. As a sailor you experience the marine element in its most breath-taking calm and beauty and its most deadly and dangerous brutality. Respect helps to enjoy one side of the coin and survive the other. Respect leads to this deeper understanding that Nature is in many ways more important and also more powerful than ourselves. The fact that makes us feel humbly is to understand that Nature can always live without us, but we cannot live without Nature. Moreover, a sailor learns how to use Nature to benefit from its power in the best and most sustainable way and to emotionally experience its pure and infinite beauty.

Photo >> Environmental Awareness & Offshore Sailing within ‘Arctic Ocean Raptor’: Sailing to the most northern reachable, partially ice-free points on Planet Earth. Public awareness about the real meltdown of pack ice in Arctic summers will be raised by sailing with a fiberglass sailing yacht to a point just 540 nautical miles or 1.000km away from the North Pole © GOST

MONACŒCOART®: Which marine expedition has shaped you more than others? Why?

J.W.: Every expedition has its uniqueness and therefore it is difficult to prefer one over the others. However, the ‘Arctic Ocean Raptor’ was very special to me. It took us from the northern Norwegian city of Tromsø across what sailors call the ‘devil’s playground’, the Barents Sea, to a spectacular natural habitat called Spitsbergen at 80° North. Despite its up-north location, the climate is quite mild due to the Gulf Stream. As our expedition approached Svalbard after three days of sailing through dense fog, we encountered a huge ice barrier that broke away from the cold eastern side of the island due to the warm conditions and drifted on with the current. This, combined with a 9-bft (= Beaufort scale) storm, made the voyage a real challenge, but also impressively demonstrated the fragility of our ecosystem.

Photo >> H.S..H. Prince Albert II of Monaco welcoming Jochen Werne and other members of GHOST at the Monaco Yacht Club © YCM

MONACŒCOART®: Which measures do you think are most important to preserve marine ecosystems? Why?

J.W.: There is no doubt that before starting a movement or action, awareness must be raised. This step is of utmost importance, otherwise one remains lonely and therefore a committed but silent to action interlocutor. The Principality of Monaco has a long tradition of identifying problems for our marine ecosystem and taking action to make many aware of them. H.S.H. Prince Albert I of Monaco immediately recognised the dangers of bottom fishing with the new means of steam technology. Jacques Cousteau not only served science but brought the beauty of the sea into everyone’s living room with his work behind the camera and inspired new projects to protect the oceans. Last but not least, H.S.H. Prince Albert II of Monaco is the perfect example of how this has not only become Monaco’s heritage but a lived tradition. We are grateful that he has supported us in our expeditions to raise awareness and thus contribute to the conservation of our marine ecosystems. 

Photo >> Thorsten Glauber, Bavarian Minister of State, handing over the States Medal to Jochen Werne, Co-Founder of GOST © TMUV

MONACŒCOART®: You have already pointed out several times that scientific and fact-finding missions are particularly effective for intercultural and diplomatic exchange. What makes them instruments of dialogue?

J.W.: Our oceans are the fluid connection between our nations. And even though we are citizens of nations, we all belong to one Planet. As seafarers, we are directly dependent on nature and national thinking takes a back seat. In the daily challenge at sea, nationality, race or gender are not important. What really matters is to achieve our goals as a team, otherwise we will all fail. This also applies to us as a human race. The challenges before us are global challenges that no single nation can solve alone. We need a collective effort, and we have so many examples where the global community has done it together. One of my favourite examples is the Antarctic Treaty, which was negotiated at the height of the First Cold War and still provides the basis for joint peaceful governance of Antarctica today.

Photo >> Antarctic Blanc expedition: the international team held a commemoration ceremony on the historically significant Antarctic volcanic Deception Island, in the name of all supporting states and the United Nations. a wreath of local ice was symbolically formed and laid down in order to pay international tribute to the achievements in the exploration of this unique continent © GOST

MONACŒCOART®: What place does the Principality of Monaco have in the international expeditions that you carry out as part of the Global Offshore Sailing Team (GOST)?

J.W.: We are more than grateful to H.S.H. Prince Albert II of Monaco, the Yacht Club de Monaco, its Board of Directors with Bernard d’Alessandri, Gerd Ziegenfeuter, the staff and members as well as the press for their excellent support in our common tasks. Together we were able to achieve outstanding results. Starting with the expedition ‘Antarctic Blanc’ 2018, which resulted in a state act supported by 19 nations including the United Nations, to the Prince Albert I Memorial Expedition ‘Navigators Heritage’. Together, we have succeeded not only in supporting science, but also in bringing people and nations closer together and raising awareness of the needs of our oceans.

Photo >> Maximino Gómez Alvarez, Vice-President of AIDHNC, giving the “Ancla d’Oro” to Jochen Werne, Co-Founder of Global Offshore Sailing Team (Maritime Museum, Hamburg, 8th May 2016) © GOST

MONACŒCOART®: GOST expeditions have been awarded the highest honours by heads of state and international institutions. What is the recognition to which you are most attached? Why?

J.W.: We are more than grateful to have been honoured with a State Medal for our commitment to environmental protection or with the Ancla d’Oro (Golden Anchor) of the Asociación para la Investigación y Difusión de la Historia Naval de Cuba and the Admiral of the Fleet the Lord Boyce Award for promoting international understanding. Among all the awards, the highest recognition for me is the fascinated smile on a young person’s face when one of the stories of the sea lights the flame of passion for marine elements. It is their spirit that will form the basis for future action. Just as others in the past like Jacques Cousteau have lit a fire in us for the Sea. It is the quote attributed to the brilliant Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, author of the beautiful novel Le Petit Prince, that probably describes it best: If you want to build a ship, don’t drum up the men to gather wood, divide the work and give orders. Instead, teach them to long for the vast, endless sea. ***

? ✒By Maurice Abbati 

To know more about Jochen Werne’s ocean expedition project please visit:

Global Offshore Sailing Team

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Hot off the press: Data quality is crucial

Original published in German by IT Finanzmagazin – find here. Translation provided by DeepL.com. Photos provided by Pixabay, Experian, Jochen Werne. Collage design by Canva

STRATEGY 23 January 2024

EBA deadline of 30 June: data quality will be decisive in the assessment of credit risks

Financial institutions are facing a significant change in the assessment of credit risks this year. Now comes 30 June: the deadline for new standards in credit risk assessment. Jochen Werne (CEO Experian DACH) is convinced that data quality will become the kingmaker in the credit risk market.

by Jochen Werne, CEO Experian DACH

Since 2021, financial service providers have been required to implement the supervisory priorities of the ECB and EBA. These priorities include the comprehensive improvement of credit risk management practices and the integration of new risk factors, particularly in the area of climate and the environment, into their risk management strategies. At the same time, the requirements for data management in the context of credit scoring are increasing. Artificial intelligence (AI) will play a key role here and banks will have to adapt to the new EU AI Act.


“By the deadline of 30 June 2024, large banks must have adapted their systems and infrastructures in accordance with the EBA Loan Origination and Monitoring Guidelines (EBA-GL LOM) for effective credit risk management and monitoring.”

This also includes closing data gaps. However, smaller, nationally supervised financial institutions must now also comply with these new guidelines, as additional elements of the 7th MaRisk amendment came into force on 1 January 2024, which are based on the EBA guidelines, among other things. Financial organisations must review their existing practices in 2024 and adapt their credit risk assessment standards accordingly. In future, credit assessment models will have to take much greater account of transparency, fairness and sustainability, particularly from an ESG perspective. The game changer for this is increasing their data quality.

All of this leads to five important changes:

1. Profitability strategies in a challenging market environment

In view of the weak economic momentum, the expected increase in non-performing loans and challenging margin developments, financial institutions must develop new growth strategies.

“Investments in technologies such as generative AI and forward-looking risk management are becoming increasingly important.”

Advanced data analytics support organisations in various phases of their customer lifecycle. Already in the application phase, high data quality enables a more efficient assessment of creditworthiness. In portfolio management, advanced data analysis helps to proactively manage risks and dynamically manage the credit portfolio. Advanced analytics and high data quality help to strengthen resilience to risks, including data-based early risk identification and an optimised dunning and collection process.

2. Digitalisation for resilience, including against novel risks

“Over the next 12 months, strengthening business resilience through automation and digitalisation will be key to responding to new risks such as AI, cyber threats and geopolitical tensions.”

These challenges not only affect the target customer landscape, but are also of great importance in the context of new ESG requirements. Due to their complexity and innovative nature, traditional approaches based on historical data cannot cope with these risks: Traditional approaches to data analysis and model preservation increasingly have to deal with slow regulatory processes on the one hand and a more dynamic macroeconomic environment and growing cyber risks on the other. In order to cope with this competitive situation, new strategies in the utilisation of all relevant data are urgently required, which place advanced analytics and the improvement of data quality at the centre.

3. PSD3, PSR and FIDA: Banks between risk and opportunity

Since the end of 2023, the EU Commission has been aiming to drive forward the “Consent Driven Economy” with new regulations such as PSD3 (Third Payment Services Directive), PSR (Payment Services Regulations) and FIDA (Access and Use of Financial Data) and to give consumers more opportunities to use the data available about them.”

As one of the players with the greatest wealth of data, this presents banks with a high risk in the face of new competitors. At the same time, however, it also offers them an opportunity to become a trusted partner for consumers. These regulations, which focus on the promotion of open banking services, greater control of data access and measures against online fraud, represent a starting point for financial institutions to think about the further use of transaction data. In addition to combating fraud, advanced analytics of transaction data, even taking into account all compliance requirements, opens up additional opportunities for interaction with end customers to improve the customer experience or the chance to monetise data.

4. Growth driver EU AI Act

“The EU AI Act will have a significant impact on the use of AI in the financial sector and further strengthen the financial sector’s technology focus.”

AI and machine learning (ML) will further automate decision-making processes in the future and strategic investments in this area will therefore become even more crucial for growth in the future. According to a study by Forrester Consulting commissioned by Experian, 60 per cent of German companies already take a similar view and have a comprehensive AI-based risk management programme in place. By using these technologies, credit and fraud risks can be assessed more precisely and efficiently, even in uncertain economic times. Companies that implement these developments are positioning themselves as pioneers in a rapidly developing, technology-driven financial sector: 78 per cent of the companies surveyed in the study in Germany also state that they are prioritising the use of further AI and ML applications.

5. Continuation of cloud migration in the financial world

Cloud integration remains a significant but unfinished transformation challenge in the world of finance.

“The ongoing implementation of continuous development and continuous improvement, particularly in the areas of business, analytics and IT, is becoming increasingly important.”

This includes identifying core business processes that will benefit significantly from cloud migration and defining clear priorities and objectives for the migration process. Cloud-based data analytics plays a central role in gaining valuable insights from customer behaviour, market trends and operational data to improve business processes and make more informed decisions.

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About the author: Jochen Werne has been CEO DACH at Experian since August 2023. Previously, he served as Managing Director at Prosegur Crypto and as Chief Development & Chief Visionary Officer at Prosegur, where he was responsible for the development and implementation of strategies in the areas of business development, innovation and international sales. Werne’s career includes significant leadership positions at Bankhaus August Lenz & Co. AG, Mediolanum Banking Group, where he served as Director and Authorised Representative and was instrumental in the company’s digital business transformation. His academic career includes a FinTech programme at the University of Oxford (2017-2018) and a Diploma in International Banking at Goethe University Frankfurt (1997-2000).

Jochen Werne – Chief Executive Officer Experian DACH

Frontline Defense: Outsmarting Fraudsters and Shaping the Future of Fraud Prevention

The rise of AI and ML in fraud prevention can lead to a new era of digital trust and compliance

Author: Jochen Werne / 26.12.2023

In an era marked by rapidly advancing technology and increasing global interconnectivity, the fight against online fraud has become a paramount concern for financial institutions, businesses, and regulators worldwide. Part of my professional work revolves around understanding and mitigating the risks associated with financial fraud. The Experian Forrester Fraud Research Report 2023, which was recently released, sheds light on the escalating threat of online fraud and the evolving strategies to counter it, particularly through the use of Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI).

The report’s findings are stark: a 74% increase in fraud losses in Germany, reflecting nearly the global increase rate. This surge is not just a statistic; it’s a clear indication of the sophisticated and pervasive nature of modern financial fraud. Companies across various sectors are feeling the impact, with financial services bearing the brunt. This trend is deeply concerning not only for the economic health of individual businesses but also for the broader stability and security of the financial system.

From a geopolitical perspective, the rise in online fraud is a multifaceted challenge. It’s a threat that transcends borders, affecting relations among nations, and has become a significant factor in international policy and security discussions. Countries, including Germany, are increasingly recognising the need for cooperative international efforts to combat this scourge. The geopolitical implications are profound, as fraud undermines economic stability and erodes public trust.

Turning to the German banking sector, the issue of compliance and reputation risk under the framework of Minimum Requirements for Risk Management (MaRisk) is particularly pertinent. Banks are finding themselves at the forefront of the battle against online fraud, necessitating robust risk management strategies that align with regulatory requirements. Under MaRisk, the mandate is clear: implement effective, comprehensive controls to detect, prevent, and manage fraudulent activities. The reputational risk for banks and their board members is immense; a single lapse can lead to significant financial losses, legal consequences, and lasting damage to customer trust.

In this challenging landscape, AI/ML-based fraud prevention methods stand out as beacons of hope. These technologies offer the promise of enhancing detection capabilities, reducing false positives, and adapting swiftly to new fraudulent tactics. However, their implementation must be undertaken with a clear understanding of the ethical implications and potential biases inherent in AI systems. As we embrace these technologies, we must also commit to transparency, accountability, and continuous improvement to ensure they serve the interests of all stakeholders fairly and effectively.

Despite the challenges, I believe there is a path forward that balances the need for security with the imperative for innovation and growth. The key lies in embracing a multi-faceted approach to fraud prevention that leverages the best of technology, human expertise, and regulatory compliance. ML, with its ability to learn and adapt to new patterns, offers a powerful tool in this fight. However, its effectiveness hinges on the quality of data, the integrity of algorithms, and the wisdom of the humans who guide its evolution.

The German companies surveyed in the study are acutely aware of the challenges and opportunities presented by AI/ML in fraud prevention. The overwhelming majority recognise the efficacy of ML-based approaches and anticipate their increasing dominance in the field. Yet, they also acknowledge the hurdles, including the costs associated with deploying advanced fraud prevention solutions, the need for continuous adaptation, and the importance of addressing the ethical considerations of AI use.

In my experience, one of the most critical factors for success in this endeavour is collaboration. Tackling online fraud is a collective effort that requires the involvement of businesses, regulators, technology providers, and consumers. By working together, sharing knowledge, and fostering a culture of innovation and vigilance, we can stay ahead of fraudsters and protect the integrity of our financial systems.

Another vital aspect is education and awareness. Both consumers and employees must be informed about the risks of online fraud and the steps they can take to prevent it. Regular training, robust policies, and a culture of security are essential in creating a resilient defense against fraud.

Finally, we must recognize that the fight against fraud is an ongoing battle. As technology evolves, so too will the tactics of fraudsters. We must remain agile, constantly updating our strategies, investing in new technologies, and adapting to changing regulatory landscapes. This dynamic approach is not just about defense; it’s about building a stronger, more secure future for everyone.

The Experian Forrester Fraud Research Report 2023 is a call to action. It highlights the urgent need for enhanced strategies, stronger collaboration, and a steadfast commitment to ethical, innovative solutions in the fight against online fraud. As leaders in the financial services industry, we have a responsibility to take the helm, steering our organisations towards safer waters in this tumultuous sea of digital threats. By harnessing the power of AI/ML, prioritising ethical considerations, and fostering a culture of collaboration and continuous learning, we can not only mitigate the risks of online fraud but also pave the way for a more secure, prosperous, and trustworthy financial ecosystem.

#fraudprevention #dataliteracy #machinelearning

Charting Uncharted Waters: Europe’s Place in a World Remade

By Jochen Werne.

Duesseldorf, 5 November 2023

Introduction

From the eloquent words of Shakespeare in Henry V, where he once proclaimed, “all things are ready if our minds be so”^1 to the monumental shifts brought by Gutenberg’s printing press^2, history reminds us that change is both an inevitable and defining characteristic of human progress. As the world stands at the threshold of a new epoch marked by rapid technological shifts and pronounced geopolitical transformations, this profound sentiment compels us to reflect on the paramount importance of preparedness and perspective. The way societies respond to these shifts determines the direction of their trajectory. In our current age, Europe finds itself at the nexus of global transformations driven by technological advancements and geopolitical tectonics.

Technology: A Historical Reflection

Peering through the lens of history, one quickly realizes that technology has been both a beacon of hope and an augury of upheaval. Take the 15th century’s monumental invention of the printing press as a case in point^2. This groundbreaking innovation democratized access to information and catalysed a substantial uptick in literacy rates across Europe. As Eisenstein posits, the “Printing Revolution” catalyzed an era where knowledge was no longer the privilege of the few but a right of the many^2. Yet, its reverberations were not confined to just reading and writing. The press became the vessel through which Martin Luther disseminated his Ninety-Five Theses, triggering a religious revolution that reshaped the European continent.

However, the journey wasn’t without turbulence. This democratization of knowledge played a pivotal role in challenging the established order, culminating in events like the Reformation, which MacCulloch describes as Europe’s great house divided^3.

Niall Ferguson, in “The Square and the Tower”, beautifully illustrates the timeless tension and interplay between networks and hierarchies^4. Historically, technologies like the printing press have emerged as disruptors, challenging established orders and reshaping hierarchies. The press, for instance, allowed for the free flow of ideas, becoming an early network that democratized information. Yet, not everything it propagated was for the betterment of society. The infamous “Malleus Maleficarum”, an ostensibly scholarly treatise, fueled the flames of the European witch hunts, leading to persecution, paranoia, and a dark chapter in history^5.

From Past to Present: The Tech Geopolitical Nexus

Fast forward to the present, and we witness a world where technology continues to shape geopolitical realities. Maddison’s macro-economic study reveals that the global center of economic gravity has been steadily shifting towards the East, particularly since the dawn of the 21st century^6. Nowhere is this shift more apparent than in the realm of technology.

The US-China tech rivalry, explored by Fuller, highlights the strategic challenges posed by China’s technological ascent^7.

The race for supremacy in AI, quantum computing, 5G, and biotechnologies marks the modern-day power play. But this isn’t merely about technological one-upmanship; it signifies a larger canvas of geopolitics, economics, and even societal values.

Many analysts are drawing parallels to the Cold War, coining the term “Tech Cold War” or “Cold War II”. Unlike the 20th-century version, primarily characterized by nuclear deterrence between the USSR and the US, this new Cold War positions the US and China in an intense rivalry for technological, economic, and military dominance. In the midst of this rivalry, both nations are hyper-aware of the stakes.

Navigating the Waters of New Geopolitical Paradigms

More than a century ago, the naval strategist Alfred Thayer Mahan, in his seminal work on sea power, postulated that maritime dominance was crucial to national greatness.

Today the Indo-Pacific has become the focal point of 21st-century geopolitics. Here, China’s assertive ‘Two Ocean Strategy’ is emblematic of its ambitions to exert influence both in the Pacific and the Indian Ocean. This expansive maritime vision is not just about sea lanes and trade; it’s a reflection of China’s aspirations to be a global power.

Simultaneously, the Taiwan question looms large in this maritime strategy. Its strategic location in the first island chain poses both an opportunity and a challenge for Beijing. Control over Taiwan would offer unencumbered access to the broader Pacific.

However, the rise of one power often brings countermeasures by others. The ‘AUKUS’ agreement between Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States is a manifestation of this dynamic. While cloaked in the language of technological collaboration, especially in the realm of nuclear-powered submarines, the underlying intent of AUKUS is clear. It seeks to counterbalance China’s growing naval capabilities and assertiveness, particularly in the South China Sea.

Reflecting on Mahan’s sea power doctrine in this context provides a sobering perspective. Mahan believed that maritime dominance was the linchpin of global influence. Yet, he also understood the responsibilities and challenges that came with such power. In our contemporary setting, while nations pursue their maritime strategies, it is imperative they also embrace the principles of dialogue, cooperation, and conflict avoidance.

Taiwan epitomizes this interplay. As a beacon in semiconductor manufacturing, Taiwan’s geopolitical relevance can’t be overstated. Any instability could trigger economic consequences potentially dwarfing the aftermath of the Covid-19 pandemic^9.

Taiwan and Europe: Quietly Interwoven, Profoundly Connected.

In the intricate web of global technology supply chains, few names stand out as prominently as Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC). Founded in 1987, TSMC has ascended the technological hierarchy to become the world’s leading semiconductor foundry, a testament to its unwavering commitment to innovation and excellence.

TSMC’s significance is multifaceted. For one, it’s the world’s largest dedicated independent semiconductor foundry^8. With clients ranging from major tech giants like Apple and Nvidia to burgeoning startups, TSMC’s production underpins a vast swathe of the digital products and solutions we rely on daily. However, TSMC’s role isn’t merely a commercial or technological one. It is geopolitical. With the escalating “Tech Cold War” between the U.S. and China, TSMC finds itself at an intriguing junction. The company’s strategic importance is underscored by global reliance on its cutting-edge chip manufacturing capabilities. This reliance has not only made TSMC a coveted partner but also a strategic asset in the larger scheme of global geopolitics. The U.S. push to ensure TSMC sets up manufacturing bases on its soil, and China’s keen interest in the semiconductor sector, highlights the foundry’s pivotal position.

Furthermore, TSMC embodies Taiwan’s broader significance in the tech world. As the geopolitical tussle intensifies, Taiwan – and by extension, TSMC – becomes a linchpin for global tech supply chains. A disturbance in TSMC’s operations, as speculated, could have cascading ramifications across industries, from consumer electronics to automotive and healthcare. Any significant disruption in this intricate supply chain would reverberate globally, with experts suggesting a potential 5% drop in global automotive production^9.

As chips become smaller, denser, and more powerful, the precision and capability of lithography machines must evolve in tandem.

Here’s where Europe and ASML, a Dutch gem, comes into play. The company is the sole producer of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography machines^8, an advanced technology that allows for the creation of incredibly dense and efficient chips. With transistors now approaching atomic scales, EUV lithography is no less than a technological marvel, allowing chipmakers to etch circuits just a few nanometers wide.

However, the conversation around ASML isn’t merely about technological mastery. Given its unique position as the only producer of these EUV machines, ASML enjoys a quasi-monopolistic status in this niche yet profoundly impactful domain. In an era where technological supremacy is increasingly intertwined with geopolitical power, also ASML’s importance cannot be overstated. The machines they produce are not just expensive and sophisticated pieces of equipment; they are, in many ways, gatekeepers to the next generation of digital innovation.

Such a near-monopoly naturally draws attention. Nations and corporations are keenly aware of the strategic value inherent in controlling or accessing state-of-the-art chipmaking technology. With the ongoing technological cold war, where semiconductor supply chains have become part of the geopolitical chessboard, ASML finds itself in a spotlight it never sought but cannot avoid.

Europe’s Crucial Pivot

Europe’s position in this evolving tech landscape is unique. While traditionally viewing the Atlantic alliance as a cornerstone of its foreign policy, the rise of China necessitates a recalibrated approach^10. Europe’s interlinked trade with China, especially through critical chokepoints like the Malacca Strait, underscores the strategic dimension of this relationship^11.

In this whirlwind of technological and geopolitical flux, Europe is not an idle spectator. With a collective GDP nearing $22 trillion, it wields considerable influence. Europe’s role is multi-dimensional: an economic powerhouse, a voice of reason in tumultuous times, and often a mediator in global disputes.

The European Central Bank (ECB) embodies Europe’s proactive stance^12. Recognizing the flux, the ECB’s vision for 2023-2025 zeroes in on three pillars:

The ECB recognizes that the financial institutions it oversees must adapt to these transformative times. A crucial element of this adaptation is embracing digitalization, with a special emphasis on robust data-driven risk management.

  1. Strengthening Resilience: The intricate web of global economies translates to shared vulnerabilities. It’s imperative for Europe’s financial edifice to be robust, equipped to handle external shocks, and maintain systemic stability.
  2. Digitalisation & Institutional Strengthening: The burgeoning fintech sector necessitates a complete metamorphosis for legacy banks. This isn’t a mere cosmetic digital overhaul. Banks need to internalize and deploy intelligent digitalization. Central to this transformation is data analytics, supercharged by AI. Harnessing data, drawing meaningful insights, and predicting trends will determine who thrives in this new era.
  3. Climate Change Initiatives: Europe has consistently championed sustainability. The financial sector’s alignment with green, sustainable practices isn’t just altruistic; it’s also economic prudence, ensuring long-term viability and stability.

The above mentioned ECB focus is highlighted by Experian’s 2023 report on why AI-driven, regulatory-compliant analytics solutions are becoming imperative for European banks^13.

The AI Paradigm: Europe’s value-based Ethical Approach

Europe’s approach to AI regulation, championing the cause of ‘explainable AI’, shows its commitment to integrating technology with ethics. This dedication harks back to its legacy of literacy and the importance of accessibility, a theme explored by Graff^14. As Europe navigates the ‘Asian Century’^15, it does so with a clear vision: to leverage its historical experiences and chart a course that balances innovation with ethical considerations. The European AI Act encapsulates this approach. The Act’s core philosophy revolves around ensuring AI applications are safe and respect existing laws and values. This includes transparency obligations, strict criteria for ‘high risk’ AI applications, and a provision for setting up a European Artificial Intelligence Board.

One might wonder, why the emphasis on explainability? As AI systems permeate critical sectors, from healthcare to finance, their decisions can profoundly impact individuals. An ‘explainable AI’ ensures that these decisions are not just accurate but also comprehensible to the average person. This empowers individuals, fostering trust in AI systems.

The Act, however, isn’t just about explainability. It recognizes the diverse applications of AI and categorizes them based on risk. For ‘high-risk’ applications, stringent requirements, from transparency to accuracy and security, are mandated. This stratified approach ensures that while innovation isn’t stifled, critical areas receive the scrutiny they warrant.

Economic Powerhouses: A Comparative Analysis

Any discussion on global transformation would be incomplete without examining the economic engines driving these changes. China’s astounding growth, with a GDP of $17.7 trillion by 2022^16, and its decade-long average annual growth rate of 6.5%, contrasts with the US’s $25.3 trillion GDP and a more conservative 2.3% growth rate^17. The European Union, showcasing resilience and integration, clocks a collective GDP nearing $22 trillion^18, with trade figures underscoring its global economic clout^19.

Conclusion: Europe’s Way Forward

Our world is in a state of flux, reminiscent of those transformative moments in history. From the monumental shifts of the Printing Revolution^2 to the divisive yet transformative Reformation^3, Europe has witnessed and shaped global trajectories. As it stands at the crossroads of another transformation, it draws from its rich historical tapestry, aiming to strike a balance between embracing the future and preserving its core values.

The digital future beckons, but it’s not without its challenges. Whether it’s the complex web of tech geopolitics or the imperative of sustainable growth, Europe’s journey forward will need to be both adaptive and principled. At the heart of this journey lies the potent combination of data and ethics. And as Europe strides into the future, it carries with it a clear message: progress, when rooted in ethics and driven by knowledge, can usher in an era that’s not just technologically advanced but also just, balanced, and peaceful.

Footnotes:

^1 Shakespeare, William. “Henry V.” Act IV, Scene 3. ^2 Eisenstein, Elizabeth L. “The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe.” Cambridge University Press, 1983. ^3 MacCulloch, Diarmaid. “Reformation: Europe’s House Divided 1490-1700.” Penguin UK, 2004. ^4 Ferguson, Niall. “The Square and the Tower: Networks and Power, from the Freemasons to Facebook.” Penguin, 2018. ^5 Kramer, Heinrich and Sprenger, James. “Malleus Maleficarum.” Dover Publications, 1971. ^6 Maddison, Angus. “Contours of the World Economy 1-2030 AD: Essays in Macro-Economic History.” Oxford University Press, 2007. ^7 Fuller, Douglas B. “Cutting off our nose to spite our face: US policy toward Huawei and Taiwan in the shadow of the Chinese tech challenge.” International Security 45.3 (2021): 52-89. ^8 Chappell, Bill. “ASML: The Obscure Dutch Company That’s Enabling Big Advances In Tech.” NPR, 2019. ^9 “The Economic Impact of a Taiwan Crisis.” Nikkei Asia, 2023. ^10 Casarini, Nicola. “The Rise of China and the Future of the Atlantic Alliance.” Oxford University Press, 2020. ^11 Lanteigne, Marc. “China’s Maritime Security and the ‘Malacca Dilemma’.” Asian Security 4.2 (2008): 143-161. ^12 “European Central Bank Annual Report.” 2023. ^13 Experian PLC. “Annual Report and Financial Statements.” 2023. ^14 Graff, Harvey J. “The Legacies of Literacy: Continuities and Contradictions in Western Culture and Society.” Indiana University Press, 1987. ^15 Khanna, Parag. “The Future is Asian: Commerce, Conflict, and Culture in the 21st Century.” Simon and Schuster, 2019. ^16 “World Bank Data: China.” 2022. ^17 “World Bank Data: United States.” 2022. ^18 “World Bank Data: European Union.” 2022. ^19 “European Commission Trade Statistics.” 2022.

About the author

Jochen Werne is CEO of Experian DACH. Large-scale global data powerhouses like Experian with it’s more than 20.000 data and analytics experts and a market cap of nearly €30bn have a pivotal role to play in this evolving narrative. As a global vanguard in data analytics, Experian is uniquely poised to offer financial institutions the insights and tools essential for navigating the multifaceted challenges of our times. In a world inundated with data, discerning patterns, understanding trends, and anticipating potential pitfalls will be the linchpin of success.

Unpacking Transformation: A European perspective

By Jochen Werne

I had the distinct honor, alongside CCO Björn Hinrichs, to represent Experian DACH at the Gala event 2023. Our heartfelt gratitude goes to acatech for their warm invitation.

It’s clear that fostering a robust relationship between science and industry is paramount. The National Academy of Science and Engineering stands as a beacon, guiding and correcting, making technological innovation the cornerstone of transformation. This union of strong research, pioneering companies, and forward-thinking policies is the backbone of what acatech and countless others strive for. In this journey, while competition fuels our drive, it is cooperation that offers the platform for greatness.

In the infinite expanse of space, we are but astronauts on a tiny speck called Earth. Regardless of our political and geopolitical landscape, science and research must always be the bridge, the “Bridge over Troubled Water” that connects us and ensures progress, says Jan Wörner, President of acatech, wisely.

In reflecting on this, Germany’s Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier’s words resonate deeply: “I think we should base our perspective more on Max Frisch and trust ourselves as individuals and society alike to be able to shape the future. And that means developing perspectives, broadening our horizons and, yes, always daring to try something new. We need all this in the phase of upheaval we are in. Holding on to the past, ignoring change, refusing change, that is not an option – especially not in an open society like ours. But: We have to give change – that is the task of politics, business and science – a direction!”

Drawing from these profound insights and looking through the lens of our work at Experian DACH, the era we are entering can be aptly described as a new Age of Enlightenment, where data and therefore data literacy is paramount. As the Enlightenment thinker Voltaire astutely pointed out, “Judge a man by his questions rather than by his answers.” It’s a sentiment that is even more relevant today. Taking cues from Immanuel Kant’s wisdom, enlightenment is about emerging from our limitations. In the context of our time, achieving data literacy and harnessing data effectively signifies our evolution from technological naivety.

While AI stands as a monumental tool to decipher this data, its effectiveness lies in the quality of the data it is fed. It brings to the fore the urgent need for data literacy. An AI is only as good as its data. Thus, a distorted understanding could lead to distorted outputs. The onus is on us, leaders in data, to champion the responsible use of AI and advance the narrative on the symbiotic relationship between data and AI.

This new Enlightenment is our journey towards an era where society is mature and informed, utilizing the strength of data and AI for the betterment of all. Knowledge, in this context, isn’t just power but the foundation for positive societal transformation.

Concluding with my personal reflection, data isn’t merely a quantified entity; it’s a potent instrument to comprehend and address pressing challenges. Our collective aim should be to cultivate an understanding of data – its collection, utilization, and, importantly, its ethical application.

Our commitment at Experian DACH, backed by our ‘data for good’ principle, is to be at the forefront of this change, guiding, and contributing to this transformative journey.

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More about the acatec Gala #FV2023 including the keynotes by Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Marion Merklein, Jan Wörner and Thomas Weber can be found here

Harnessing Data for Good

After my first week as CEO for Experian in the DACH region (Germany, Austria, and Switzerland), I find myself profoundly thankful for the warm welcome and the many highly inspiring encounters with some of the best data and technology professionals on our planet. Experian is not only a data insights industry titan, one that operates in 32 countries, employs over 20,000 outstanding personalities worldwide but would also rank with its more than USD 30 billion market capitalisation compared to Germany’s leading stock index as the 19th largest DAX company in Germany. Experian serves as a global leader millions of consumers and businesses, leveraging data to make a transformative difference in people’s lives.

Yet, with tremendous reach and influence comes immense responsibility.

Reflections

Just as the Age of Enlightenment in the 18th century reshaped society through the dissemination of knowledge, we find ourselves at the precipice of a new era, one marked by the power and potential of data. The 21st century, in my view, must herald a fresh Age of Enlightenment, one underpinned by data literacy.

The Age of Enlightenment, Literacy and the Dawn of Data Literacy

The Age of Enlightenment, a period dating from the late 17th to the late 18th century, marked a profound shift in the course of human history. This era, also known as the Age of Reason, encouraged critical thinking, decoupling minds from the shackles of superstition and unquestioned authority. The spotlight was placed firmly on rational thought, scientific inquiry, and individual rights – underpinnings of the modern world as we know it.

Several factors catalyzed this significant shift, not least of which was the advent and proliferation of printing technology. As philosopher Immanuel Kant noted, “Dare to know! Have the courage to use your own understanding,” a statement that encapsulates the Enlightenment’s spirit. This courage was largely fostered through increasing literacy rates.

The advent of the printing press revolutionized the dissemination of information. Books were no longer a luxury exclusive to the elite; knowledge became democratized. This sparked an increased demand for literacy. As more people learned to read, ideas were more freely exchanged, fueling a critical examination of existing societal structures.

For example, “The Encyclopédie,” a massive reference work edited by Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d’Alembert, exemplified the spread of Enlightenment thinking. Its contributors, including leading intellectuals like Voltaire and Rousseau, aimed to collate all the world’s knowledge into a single work, accessible to the common man. This unprecedented venture into free access to knowledge set the stage for many of the democratic, scientific, and industrial revolutions that followed.

Fast forward to the present day, we see parallels in the advent of the internet, a digital revolution that democratizes information at a scale unimaginable to the Enlightenment thinkers. However, this superabundance of information has led to a paradoxical effect. As stated by Nobel Laureate Herbert A. Simon, “a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention.”

In an age characterised by short attention spans and reactionary behaviour, the challenge lies not in accessing information but in sifting through its vastness to discern truth from falsehood. A study conducted by Microsoft, 2015, found that the average human attention span has dropped to eight seconds, primarily due to the digitalised lifestyle.

Like the literacy of the Enlightenment Age, the 21st century calls for a new form of literacy: data literacy.

In a world where data is hailed as the new oil, our ability to critically interpret, analyse, and question data is of paramount importance. This skill set empowers individuals and corporations to make informed decisions, a process integral to our society.

In a report by The Data Literacy Project of which also Experian is a partner, only 21% of the global working population was confident in their data literacy skills. This gap highlights the pressing need for an educational shift towards fostering data literacy, much like the push for literacy during the Enlightenment era.

In conclusion, as we navigate the information deluge, a new Age of Enlightenment beckons, one centered around data literacy. With this new ‘Enlightenment,’ we can harness the true potential of information abundance, steering our societies towards more informed, rational, and democratic spaces. As the Enlightenment thinker Voltaire wisely said, “Judge a man by his questions rather than by his answers.” This insight seems more pertinent now than ever.

Such a renewed Age of Enlightenment also draws inspiration from one of the original Enlightenment’s most influential thinkers, Immanuel Kant. As he famously stated, “Enlightenment is man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity.” To transpose his wisdom to our context, data literacy and the effective application of data might be seen as emergence from a state of technological immaturity.

Furthermore, in our modern context, the Enlightenment’s emphasis on reason and logic has a fascinating analogue in the field of artificial intelligence (AI). AI, a critical tool in making sense of complex data, is designed to mimic human reasoning, albeit on a scale and at speeds we could never achieve unaided. As such, it holds a pivotal role in our future, helping us glean insights from the vast sea of data.

However, while AI’s potential is significant, it further underlines the importance of data literacy. The algorithms that power AI are only as good as the data that feeds them. Poor understanding of data and its nuances can lead to skewed AI outputs, with far-reaching implications.

Leaders in data need to focus on responsible use of AI by promoting data literacy and improving understanding of the interplay between data and AI.

New Enlightenment, then, is a journey towards a mature, informed society that harnesses the power of data and AI for good. In this era, knowledge isn’t just power; it’s the key to creating a world where data and technology act as catalysts for positive change.

In this new age, data is not merely a collection of numbers, facts, or figures; it is a powerful tool for understanding and addressing the most pressing societal issues.

However, just as literacy was not universal during the initial Enlightenment, data literacy is not yet a universal skill. As a society, we need to foster an understanding of data, how it’s collected, how it’s used, and most importantly, how it can be used ethically and responsibly.

Harnessing Data for Good – The Experian way

Experian, as a data powerhouse, has a crucial role to play in this journey. Experian has been a pioneer in harnessing data for good, from helping individuals gain access to credit, to assisting businesses flourish, to aiding governments in delivering crucial services.

For the DACH region specifically, the path to growth is intertwined with our mission to empower individuals and corporations with data and to protect from risks. In our regional market in the heart of Europe, we see significant potential to enhance consumer and corporate credit, improve business services, and support governmental programs.

Trust, innovation and reliability go hand in hand

To achieve this goal, we need to aim high and develop state-of-the-art products like AiDRIAN, which, by intelligently combining and using the latest AI technologies and data, are able to protect customers from fraud with more than 99.9% accuracy. Developing trustworthy solutions is of paramount importance. Trust comes from long-term reliability and independent audits. For AiDRIAN, for example, Fraunhofer IPA audited the heart of the solution, the Transaction Miner. The machine learning model compares several hundred customer characteristics and then assesses the risk of a transaction. Millions of data records are evaluated in a matter of seconds. Fraunhofer therefore came to the test result that the Miner’s predictive power is comprehensible even to experts and leads to better decisions.

Such results are only achievable by having an exemplary team.

The Experian DACH team, which I had the pleasure of meeting during my first week, is made up of dedicated, forward-thinking people who understand that work is not just about data, but about using data as a tool for progress and prosperity. A team that is eager to innovate, build trust, and act as responsible stewards of the data – every single day. As we delve deeper into a new era, we should aim to be instrumental in fostering a society that uses data ethically, responsibly, and for the greater good.

The Enlightenment brought knowledge to the masses, revolutionizing societies, and shaping the modern world. It is my belief, a new Age of Enlightenment will bring data literacy to all, empowering societies in ways we are just beginning to imagine.

I am excited and honoured to be a part of this transformative journey.

Jochen Werne - New Joiner CEO DACH Experian

Das Jahrzehnt der Transformation – Optimistische Perspektiven eines Umdenkens

17. Carinthische Dialoge – Schloss Bach – 14.-16. Juli 2023

Es ist mir eine besondere Ehre den Eröffnungsvortrag der 17. Carinthischen Dialogen geben zu dürfen. Unter dem Leitthema “Das Jahrzehnt der Transformation – Optimistische Perspektiven eines Umdenkens” wird der Beitrag, “Ein neues Zeitalter der Aufklärung” drei inspirierende Tage einläuten.

Bei dieser bemerkenswerten Veranstaltung teilen sich die Bühne angesehenen Persönlichkeiten aus verschiedenen Fachbereichen. So wird Horst von Buttlar, Chefredakteur der Zeitschrift “Wirtschaftswoche” und Autor des Buches “Das grüne Jahrzehnt”, Veränderungen ausgelöst durch Krisen thematisieren.

Nobelpreisträger Anton Zeilinger, emeritierter Professor der Universität Wien, widmet sich dem spannenden Thema des Zufalls.

Ich möchte mich herzlich bei den Organisatoren, insbesondere bei Generalsekretärin Johanna Franz und Maximilian Franz, für die Einladung und ihre unermüdliche Arbeit zur Realisierung dieser bedeutsamen Veranstaltung bedanken.

Weitere Informationen zur Veranstaltung, einschließlich mehr Details zu den unten stehenden Referenten und des Programms, sind auf der Website der Carinthischen Dialoge https://www.carinthische-dialoge.at/aktuelles-programm/ zu finden.

ReferentInnen u. ModeratorInnen

Horst von Buttlar, Wissenschaftsjournalist und Chefredakteur der Zeitschrift Capital. Buchautor „Das grüne Jahrzehnt“, Berlin

Klemens Fheodoroff, Dr., FA für Neurologie, OA Gailtal-Klnik, Obmann bei Carinthischer Sommer, 2.stv. Vorsitzender der Gesellschaft zur Förderung interdisziplinärer Dialoge, Carinthische Dialoge

Bernhard Gaul, Journalist im innerpolitischen Ressort der Tageszeitung Kurier

Arnold Mettnitzer, Prof. Dr., Theologe, Psychotherapeut in eigener Praxis, freier Mitarbeiter des ORF, Autor zahlreicher Bücher, Wien

Michael Musalek, Univ.-Prof. Dr., Ordinarius für Allgemeine Psychiatrie, SFU Med Wien, Vorstand des Intistuts für Sozialästhetik und Psychische Gesundheit, SFU Wien u. Berlin

Elisabeth Juliane Nöstlinger – Jochum, Wissenschaftsjournalistin, Producerin von WissensART, Vorsitzende der Jury zur Vergabe des Watzlawick-Ringes, Mitglied in zahlreichen wissenschaftlichen und kulturellen Gremien, Wien

Manfred Prisching, Univ.-Prof. i.R., Dr. jur., Mag.rer.soc.oec., Institut für Soziologie der Universität Graz

Philipp Weiss, österreichischer Schriftsteller, u.a. Buch: „Am Weltenrand sitzen die Menschen und lachen“, Wien

Jochen Werne, Autor, Keynotespeaker, international ausgezeichneter NGO-Gründer und Spezialist im Bereich Unternehmenentwicklung und -transformation, sowie internationaler Diplomatie.

Anton Zeilinger, em. o. Univ.-Prof. Dr., Universität Wien und Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften

The Decade of Transformation – Optimistic Perspectives of a Rethink

17th Carinthian Dialogues – Bach Castle – 14-16 July 2023

It is a special honour for me to give the opening lecture of the 17th Carinthian Dialogues. Under the guiding theme “The Decade of Transformation – Optimistic Perspectives of a Rethinking”, the contribution, “A New Age of Enlightenment” will usher in three inspiring days.
At this remarkable event, the stage will be shared by respected personalities from various fields. Horst von Buttlar, editor-in-chief of the magazine “Wirtschaftswoche” and author of the book “The Green Decade”, will address changes triggered by crises. Nobel Prize winner Anton Zeilinger, professor emeritus at the University of Vienna, will address the exciting topic of chance.
I would like to express my sincere thanks to the organisers, especially Secretary General Johanna Franz and Maximilian Franz, for the invitation and their tireless work to realise this momentous event.
Further information on the event, including more details on the speakers below and the programme, can be found on the Carinthian Dialogues website https://www.carinthische-dialoge.at/aktuelles-programm/.